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Teaching Resources

Plant-Insect Relationships Through Time

STEM Discipline

Ecology and Paleoecology

National Middle School Science Standards

Life ScienceEarth Science

Key Terms:

plants, insects, coevolution, pollination, herbivory, fossil  

Key Concepts:

  • Types of plant-insect relationships
  • Importance of plant-insect relationships
  • Coevolution of plant-insect relationships
  • Fossil evidence of coevolution
  • Technology used by paleoecologists


Resource Types:


Associated Experts

Drawing of ancient lacewing insect eating pollen drops from a bennettitalean plant, reconstructed from fossil evidence. Drawing by Vichai Malikul.Drawing of ancient lacewing insect eating pollen drops from a bennettitalean plant, reconstructed from fossil evidence. Drawing by Vichai Malikul.


The Plant-Insect Relationships Through Time teaching resources support students in meeting the following middle school NGSS Performance Expectations:

Life Science


From Molecules to Organisms: Structures and Processes
  • MS-LS1-4Use argument based on empirical evidence and scientific reasoning to support an explanation for how characteristic animal behaviors and specialized plant structures affect the probability of successful reproduction of animals and plants respectively.


Ecosystems: Interactions, Energy, and Dynamics
  • MS-LS2-2Construct an explanation that predicts patterns of interactions among organisms across multiple ecosystems.


Biological Evolution: Unity and Diversity
  • MS-LS4-1Analyze and interpret data for patterns in the fossil record that document the existence, diversity, extinction, and change of life forms throughout the history of life on Earth under the assumption that natural laws operate today as in the past.
  • MS-LS4-2Apply scientific ideas to construct an explanation for the anatomical similarities and differences among modern organisms and between modern and fossil organisms to infer evolutionary relationships.
Earth Science


Earth's Place in the Universe
  • MS-ESS1-4Construct a scientific explanation based on evidence from rock strata for how the geologic time scale is used to organize Earth's 4.6-billion-year-old history.

All Q?rius Resources for These Standards


Wide shot of Dr. Conrad Labandeira in jeans, shirt, and hat searching for fossils in the grass and rock bush in South Africa
Conrad Labandeira
Paleobiologist and Curator of Fossil Insects
Paleobiologist Dr. Scott Wing holding a plant fossil with other large fossils behind him. Pictures on the wall behind.
Scott Wing
Paleobiologist and Curator of Fossil Plants
Michelle Pinsdorf in dark red shirt and blue jacket talking about a brownish fossil skull in front of her.
Michelle Pinsdorf
Fossil Preparator
Paleobologist Dr. Bill DiMichele in white shirt and light helmet in a coal mine looking at a extinct seed-fern on the ceiling
Bill DiMichele
Paleobiologist and Curator of Fossil Plants

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