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Teaching Resources

Modeling and Measuring Volcanic Eruptions

STEM Discipline

Volcanology

National Middle School Science Standards

Earth SciencePhysical Science 

Key Terms:

volcanology, explosive eruption, pyroclastic flow, density, entrainment, plume  

Key Concepts:

  • Types of volcanic eruption
  • Behavior of an explosive eruption
  • Differing densities of volcanic materials
  • Modeling pyroclastic flows
  • Technology used by volcanologists

 

Resource Types:

 

Associated Experts

Laser beams lighting up the flow of materials from a model volcanic eruption in the Smithsonian’s Experimental Volcanology Laboratory. Photo by Ben Andrews, Smithsonian.Laser beams lighting up the flow of materials from a model volcanic eruption in the Smithsonian’s Experimental Volcanology Laboratory. Photo by Ben Andrews, Smithsonian.
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NEXT GENERATION SCIENCE STANDARDS (NGSS)

The Modeling and Measuring Volcanic Eruptions teaching resources support students in meeting the following middle school NGSS Performance Expectations:

Earth Science

MS-ESS3

Earth and Human Activity
  • MS-ESS3-1Construct a scientific explanation based on evidence for how the uneven distributions of Earth's mineral, energy, and groundwater resources are the result of past and current geoscience processes.
  • MS-ESS3-2Analyze and interpret data on natural hazards to forecast future catastrophic events and inform the development of technologies to mitigate their effects.
Physical Science

MS-PS3

Energy
  • MS-PS3-1Construct and interpret graphical displays of data to describe the relationships of kinetic energy to the mass of an object and to the speed of an object.
  • MS-PS3-5Construct, use, and present arguments to support the claim that when the kinetic energy of an object changes, energy is transferred to or from the object.
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Close-up of Geologist Dr. Benjamin Andrews in a green jacket and hat standing on the summit of a volcano. Clouds are behind.
Benjamin Andrews
Geologist, Global Volcanism Program
Dr. Elizabeth Cottrell leaning on a table in a lab with a machine and laptop computer on it. Other equipment in background.
Elizabeth Cottrell
Geologist, Curator-in-Charge, Rock and Ore Collections
Tags: volcano

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