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Teaching Resources

Geology of Gems and Minerals

STEM Discipline:

Minerology

National Middle School Science Standards

Earth Science

Key Terms:

geology, rock, mineral, pegmatite, crystal, gem

Key Concepts:

  • Processes of mineralization and crystallization
  • Differences between gems and minerals 
  • Human impacts on gems and minerals
  • Geographic distribution of gems and minerals
  • Technology used by geologists

Resource Types:

Associated Experts

Crystals of garnet on muscovite. Photo by Chip Clark, Smithsonian.Crystals of garnet on muscovite. Photo by Chip Clark, Smithsonian.
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Webcasts (video) and Podcasts (audio) Shows
Printable Lessons
Online Activities
Science Literacy Resources
Posters and Worksheets 
Websites
Videos
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NEXT GENERATION SCIENCE STANDARDS (NGSS)

The Geology of Gems and Minerals teaching resources support students in meeting the following middle school NGSS Performance Expectations:

Earth Science

MS-ESS2

Earth's Systems
  • MS-ESS2-1Develop a model to describe the cycling of Earth's materials and the flow of energy that drives this process.
  • MS-ESS2-2Construct an explanation based on evidence for how geoscience processes have changed Earth's surface at varying time and spatial scales.
  • MS-ESS2-3Analyze and interpret data on the distribution of fossils and rocks, continental shapes, and seafloor structures to provide evidence of the past plate motions.

MS-ESS3

Earth and Human Activity
  • MS-ESS3-1Construct a scientific explanation based on evidence for how the uneven distributions of Earth's mineral, energy, and groundwater resources are the result of past and current geoscience processes.
  • MS-ESS3-4Construct an argument supported by evidence for how increases in human population and per-capita consumption of natural resources impact Earth's systems.
All Q?rius Resources for These Standards
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Geologist Dr. Michael Wise in a white t-shirt leaning against a rock surface.
Michael Wise
Geologist
Geologist Dr. Jeffrey Post sitting at a desk that has green, blue, and orange crystals on it.  Window and painting behind him
Jeffrey Post
Geologist, Curator-in-Charge, Mineral Collection
Tags: mineral

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